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Task Analysis and Task Specific Training 1: Theoretical Foundations

presented by Leslie Allison, PT, PhD

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Satisfactory completion requirements: All disciplines must complete learning assessments to be awarded credit, no minimum score required unless otherwise specified within the course.

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Video Runtime: 93 Minutes; Learning Assessment Time: 34 Minutes

Movement is shaped by interactions between the individual, the task, and the environment. This course is the first in a three-part series, and will review the theoretical foundations of the Ecological Approach to understanding movement. The course will (1) describe the significant shift in our understanding of movement, away from earlier approaches that viewed the individual in isolation, and toward our current understanding that movement is shaped by and adapted to the demands of the task and environment, and (2) consider the clinical implications of this shift.

Meet Your Instructor

Leslie Allison, PT, PhD

Dr. Allison has been a DPT faculty member at Winston-Salem State University since 2013, and was a physical therapy educator at Midwestern University and East Carolina University from 2004-2013. She has 12 years of clinical experience in adult neuro-rehabilitation and geriatrics in acute, inpatient, and outpatient settings. Early in her clinical practice, she became certified…

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1. Down Memory Lane

Early motor control and motor learning theories focused almost exclusively on processes internal to an individual. Consequently, strategies to teach motor skills centered on practice of movements isolated from functional activities and real-life contexts. Coaches and therapists were the experts who defined for the learner what the goals were, and prescribed the optimal way to perform the motor skills.

2. The Ecological Approach to Understanding Human Movement

Advances in our understanding of human movement led to the development of the Ecological Approach, which views movement as goal-directed action to accomplish meaningful tasks that is adapted to suit varied environments. The ecological approach better explains movement because it accounts for not only the individual doing the movement, but also how that movement is shaped by what the individual is trying to do (task constraints) and in what context the movement occurs (environmental constraints).

3. The Individual-Task-Environment Triangle (I-T-E) Model

To facilitate the application of the ecological approach to clinical practice, the Individual-Task-Environment Triangle (I-T-E) Model has been used to illustrate the interaction between these critical components. Each of the three original components has been expanded to incorporate additional concepts that improve our ability to understand the model and use it to analyze motor performance.

4. The Relationship between the I-T-E and I.C.F Models

Therapists use the ICF Model framework to categorize patient problems, understanding the causative contributions of lower to higher levels. The I-T-E Triangle Model is complimentary to the ICF Model, and an overlay of these two models adds an emphasis on movement to the ICF Model that is highly relevant to clinical practice.

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