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The Female Athlete Triad

presented by Barbara Hoogenboom, EdD, PT, SCS, ATC

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Satisfactory completion requirements: All disciplines must complete learning assessments to be awarded credit, no minimum score required unless otherwise specified within the course.

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What gender differences exist between female and male athletes? Why are gender-specific considerations important for the physical therapist that examines, evaluates and treats female athletes? This course presents current information regarding the Female Athlete Triad, and how the physical therapist fits into the multidisciplinary identification, management, and wellness of female athletes with one or more component of the Triad. It also presents information specific to the exercise needs of the pregnant athlete. Give the best care to your female athletes by being attentive to special considerations that may present.

Meet Your Instructor

Barbara Hoogenboom, EdD, PT, SCS, ATC

Barbara Hoogenboom, EdD, PT, SCS, ATC was the first Board Certified Sports Clinical Specialist in West Michigan, and has been a Certified Athletic Trainer since 1988. She is a professor at the Grand Valley State University Physical Therapy program, and has a certification in physical therapy from Cleveland State University, a Masters Degree in Health…

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Chapters & Learning Objectives

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1. Female Participation

Who is the female athlete and why is she important? This chapter outlines the history of female participation in sports, both at the high school and collegiate levels. Dr. Hoogenboom emphasizes the importance of thorough examination of anatomical, physiological, and medical systems within the female athlete, and highlights the advantages of a strong physical therapist-athlete relationship.

2. The Female Triad

This chapter identifies the components of the Female Athlete Triad, and describes the spectrum of interdependent relationships between these components. Participants will engage in the identification, prevention, and appropriate management of the female athlete triad as a member of a multi-disciplinary team. Emphasis is placed on the development of an informational network and referral sources for the appropriate management of aspects within the female athlete triad that are beyond the expertise of the physical therapist.

3. Menstrual Irregularities and BMD

Irregularities in menstruation, while common, can be a sign of a more serious problem. It is essential to understand the underlying causes of each irregularity in order for effective intervention strategies to be implemented. In this chapter, Dr. Hoogenboom classifies the different types of menstrual irregularities, choosing to focus on amenorrhea in relation to the female athlete. Emphasis is placed on identifying symptoms, causes, and providing advice regarding appropriate treatment and medical consultations.

4. Multidisciplinary and Physical Therapist Implications of the Triad

Abnormal menstruation can lead to many changes and imbalances regarding thermal regulation, electrolyte imbalance, and healing rates. Dr. Hoogenboom addresses the importance of accurate evaluation of the female body in regards to the Triad. Participants will learn how to prevent and recognize the symptoms and risks of the Triad, as well as strategies to target proper nutrition and and safe training principles among female athletes.

5. The Pregnant Athlete

Join Dr. Hoogenboom as she describes the physiologic considerations related to exercise in the pregnant, physically active female, while addressing the development of safe and effective exercise prescriptions for the pregnant athlete.

6. Pregnancy and Exercise

How safe is exercise for pregnant women? This chapter seeks to debunk the myths that suggest exercise has negative consequences on pregnancy. Hoogenboom educates participants on the benefits of continuing exercise among pregnant women, and proposes safe guidelines for walking, running, exercise intensity, and volume.

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